Wednesday, August 08, 2007
Ada pelajar saya bertanya tentang blog. Kata saya blog memang baik cuma kita sebagai penulis harus lebih waspada untuk melahirkan idea menulis. Kita harus menulis untuk kebaikan bukan memusnahkan. Mungkin artikel di bawah boleh menjadi renungan supaya memahami bahawa penulisan mampu membawa sesuatu kepada masyarakat dan negara.
BLOG AND ME...
As we approach the 21st century, we are told technology has accelerated tremendously. That is what is said by national and international media, as well as by many popular books on business and management. Many feel threatened to this “change”. This is the picture we are told to see. But is this true?
We are also told that the information society has arrived. New technologies are being introduced one after the other. One wave follows another and suddenly we find ourselves in brave new worlds.
My advice to people who feel overwhelmed by change, and particular by new technology, is simple – just sit back and think or enjoy it. But for time I will like to emphasis on the blog.
What is blog? A blog is a website where people can write anything in chronological order and displayed it. The noun blog - from web log - first surfaced in 1999 to describe a personal website where an author regularly posted his or her views on anything that took their fancy. A “personal online journal” is the definition that most newspapers, including The Economist, offer when they need to be brief.
That analogy is not wrong, but nor is it entirely right . More importantly, this definition misses the main point about blogs. Traditionally, journals were private or even secret affairs, and were never linked to other journals. Blogs, by contrast, are social by nature, whether they are open to the public as a whole or only to a small select group.
So, blogs can provide news, personal diaries or politics discussions. A typical blog can also have text, picture or combination of both. The blog was so popular that in May 2007, blog search engine Technorati was tracking more than 71 million blogs.
So what so great about blog? Well, besides being personal diaries, many bloggers differentiate themselves from the mainstream media. This means “getting around the gatekeeper”. Blogs give some space for people to express their feelings without have to give their own name. This kind of privilege is clearly exploited by people in the country that freedom of speech is under control of government.
Role of the blog
In the years since, millions of web wise writers around the world have created their own blogs. But it was in 2004 that debate about the role of the political blog and its impact on society really got under way.
To many blog supporters, the blog's coming of age was epitomized by the invitation of their authors to the politician in their own country when election are coming closer. Mainstream media outlets were no longer the only ones who needed to be wooed.
The communication network itself will be a medium for everyone's voice, not just the few who can afford to buy multimillion-dollar printing presses, launch satellites, or win the government's permission to get the public support.
Certainly, blogs have become particularly prominent in countries when there are few outlets for political expression. A frequently cited example is China, Russia and to some extent Malaysia, where the conservative authorities have clearly been rattled by the young diarists and online commentators who are filling the vacuum left behind when reformist newspapers are shut down on a lot of excuses given by the government.
China is thought to have several hundred bloggers operating in a similarly precarious political environment, while the recent crisis in Ukraine brought ever more diarists to share their views on the situation to the web. They provide food for thought not just for readers within their own country, but their blog work as a gateway into their world for foreigners.
But to the bloggers who believe their role is to challenge the media establishment, incorporation into the mainstream is tantamount to internet heresy. Indeed there really no security for the bloggers.
In any case, as bloggers rarely go out and about, many of those who comment on the world at large get their information from mainstream news sources. But the relationship is increasingly symbiotic meaning journalists for their part increasingly use blogs as a barometer for how much coverage a topic deserves. They choose the news not the mainstream newspaper.
The blur in the blogs
Blog are totally against the mainstream media. But the main issues about blog is their writers identity. Anyone with the internet access can writes something on the blog and posted it in the internet. In second, all people in the world can read and understands what he or she trying to explain.
This kind of power make bloggers the most unwanted people in the world. But Time magazines did names “you” as the person of the year in 2006. Some people saw blogs as “getting around the filter” and pushing the news to the public. This kind of unbiased news make government cannot control what they want people to understands or knowing things that will undermined their government.
In short, blogs make mainstream media as a “dinosaur”. They are not relevant in this kind of environment. People are fed up with the ways mainstream media control or act as gatekeeper to them. They want to read what they want, they want to see what they like to see and they want to hear what they want to heard.
Licenses for blog?
In near future, all bloggers will have to submit their applications to their government. This maybe can happen sooner that we think because blogging can sometimes have unforeseen consequences in politically sensitive areas. And also based on their popularity, government will crack down this bloggers every hard like China government or Vietnamese government.
China is considering forcing internet users to provide their real names and ID card numbers when opening a blog. Advocates of the idea argue that blog anonymity has encouraged widespread libel and slander. Opponents say blogging is flourishing for the very reason that people are free to express themselves. China has one of the most repressive internet regimes in the world, censoring content and imprisoning some people for what they put on the web.
In Singapore there are report about bloggers were imprisoned for posting anti-Muslim remarks in their blogs. The Singapore government has extended censorship laws to ban podcasts and videocasts that carry political content. Websites and blogs are already under strict control and must be registered with the government.
An Egyptian court has sentenced a blogger to four years' prison for insulting Islam and the president. Abdel Kareem Soliman's trial was the first time that a blogger had been prosecuted in Egypt. He had used his web log to criticize the country's top Islamic institution, al-Azhar university and President Hosni Mubarak, whom he called a dictator.
Meanwhile, the head of the UN mission in Sudan, Jan Pronk, has left the country after being expelled by Sudan's government. Mr Pronk, who already had shaky ties with Khartoum, wrote in his blog that Sudan's army had suffered defeats in Darfur and its morale was low. Mr Pronk's personal website is well known among UN officials and they have repeatedly asked him to stop writing it but he didn’t care.
Also in Malaysia, The Malaysian government has warned it could use tough anti-terrorism laws against bloggers who insult Islam or the country's king. The move comes as one of Malaysia's leading online commentators has been questioned by police following a complaint by the main governing party. The commentators is popular for his frequent criticism of government figures.
All these cases that have been brought before the courts against bloggers concerning issues of defamation or liability. This kind of laws will make the bloggers more willing to write and face the new challenges. This blog will be closely monitored because bloggers will be news for coming years. Maybe television or radio will be fading out? Or the blogs that got the exit?
Maybe blog will survives in near future but I admit the bloggers will be getting the hard times from government. The only sources for reality information will be monitor closely by any government. They will try anything to stopped the bloggers. They will arrest and asking all bloggers to submit their name and personal details. Or maybe the bloggers himself need to choose which freedom that they wanted to?
Posted by Noor Azman Mahat at 9:19 PM